The agony of frustration?

14 01 2018

One of the papers I read for our ‘cat faces study  was by Holden and colleagues on facial expressions of pain. They found that compared to pain-free cats (left), cats in pain (right) pull their ears to the side (top row; and they also have — see bottom row — bulgy cheeks, a bit like mice in pain).



This made me realise with a lurch that Mouse had been doing the ears thing for years. But what the Holden work didn’t do is include cats in other types of negative affective state. And when Luke, a cat who seriously does not like being thwarted, watches squirrels he cannot chase (left, below), he is definitely doing it too….